For example, if an artefact, say an oil lamp, is found co-located on the same floor of a governor's dwelling, and that floor can be dated in archaeology terms by reason of the patterns employed in the mosaic, then it is assumed that in relation to the floor that the lamp is of the same age.
The underlying principle of stratigraphic analysis in archaeology is that of superposition.
These methods usually analyze physicochemical transformation phenomena whose rate are known or can be estimated relatively well.
The emergence of man through the process of biological and cultural evolution is a story of long span of time.
Archaeologists have access to various techniques for dating archaeological sites or the objects found on those sites.
There are two main categories of dating methods in archaeology: indirect or relative dating and absolute dating.
Relative dating in archaeology presumes the age of an artefact in relation and by comparison, to other objects found in its vicinity.Limits to relative dating are that it cannot provide an accurate year or a specific date of use.The style of the artefact and its archaeology location stratigraphically are required to arrive at a relative date.Relative dating includes different techniques, but the most commonly used are soil stratigraphy analysis and typology.On the other hand, absolute dating includes all methods that provide figures about the real estimated age of archaeological objects or occupations.Chronology is the science of measuring time and ordering of the things in time.